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Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

General Information


Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.

Workplace at a Glance

What you can expect to experience while on the job

  • Responsibility
  • Exposure to job hazards
  • Physical activity
  • Decision making
  • Repetitiveness
  • Level of competition
  • Time pressure

Related Military Careers

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      • Military pathologists primarily work in military laboratories. These specialists conduct tests on tissue, cells, and bodily fluids to diagnose disease. They direct other medical officers and technicians in performing anatomical pathological examinations involving preparation of tissue for microscopic analysis, such as biopsies and necropsies. They conduct laboratory tests and examinations of blood, organs, and body tissues to determine etiology, nature, and development of diseases and disease processes.   Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Cardiopulmonary and EEG Technicians
      • Cardiopulmonary and electroencephalogram (EEG) technicians assist physicians by performing a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that involve the heart, lungs, blood, and brain. They operate sophisticated equipment in performing this job and interact with patients on a regular basis. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Cardiovascular Technicians
      • Cardiovascular technicians specialize in diagnosing and treating heart conditions. They administer and document tests to obtain diagnostic data on the condition of the heart, to include electrocardiography, echocardiography, Holter monitoring, and cardiac stress testing. They also assist physicians with diagnostic and interventional catheterizations, perform device implantations, and conduct electrophysiology studies. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Respiratory Technicians
      • Respiratory technicians focus on testing and treatment related to lung functions. They administer respiratory care using controlled breathing equipment. They perform pulmonary function testing and breathing therapies such as medical gas therapy, nebulization therapy, and mechanical ventilation. They also assist physicians with intubation and extubation of patients.   Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Neurodiagnostic (EEG) Technicians
      • Neurodiagnostic technicians in the Military focus on diagnostic tests related to brain functions. They assist physicians in performing electroencephalography (EEG) tests. They prepare patients for examination and operate EEG equipment to identify organic brain diseases. These specialists also maintain the EEG equipment. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Emergency Medical Technicians
      • EMTs are health professionals trained to respond quickly to emergency situations. Military EMTs provide emergency medical treatment, limited primary care, force health protection, and evacuation assistance in a variety of operational and clinical settings from point of injury or illness through the continuum of military healthcare. They perform basic diagnostic and laboratory tasks. They may work in military health facilities or in the field. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Field / Combat Medics
      • Field/combat medics are trained to provide medical care in an operational or combat environment. They provide frontline trauma and medical care to deployed personnel. They care for those suffering from disease as well as those injured in combat. In addition to being prepared to work in combat, these health professionals are often trained in health concerns related to specific conditions, such as those encountered during diving or flight operations.   Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Environmental Health and Safety Specialists
      • Environmental health and safety specialists protect the military community through programs to ensure that military facilities and food supplies are free of disease, germs, and other hazardous conditions. These specialists identify, research, and mitigate occupational and environmental health hazards and risks that may negatively impact health, human performance, and environmental health quality. They manage programs related to communicable disease control and prevention, food safety, sanitary compliance, occupational health and safety, hazardous material control, and public health contingency response. They also assess Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear safety. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Life Scientists
      • Life scientists manage quality assurance programs and lead research related to human health protection. They study the effects of stimuli and other environmental factors on physiological processes, and the impact of microorganisms on human bodily functions and overall human health. They perform sanitation inspections to ensure military food safety, and provide consultation on issues regarding microbiological effects on subsistence. They assist in epidemiological investigations and direct training on food safety.   Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Biologists / Biochemists
      • Biologists/biochemists perform and oversee analyses in chemistry, microbiology, immunology, and other areas related to the biomedical laboratory field. They direct and conduct laboratory procedures to detect, diagnose, treat, and prevent disease. They lead basic and applied health sciences research, and evaluate findings related to the effects of various stimuli, such as altitude and temperature changes, on physiological systems. They identify and investigate microorganisms and their effects on human health, and they develop control methods by designing vaccines and antitoxins. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Medical Assistants
      • Medical assistants serve as critical team members in providing medical care to service members and their families. They give patients the care and treatment required to help them recover from illness or injury, including injuries suffered in combat. Medical assistants help prepare equipment for diagnostic tests and other procedures for patients. Navigate to Military Career Page
    • Medical Laboratory Technicians
      • Medical laboratory technicians perform and/or supervise the application of basic and advanced laboratory procedures such as: collecting, processing and analyzing biological specimens and other substances; performing clinical diagnostic laboratory tests; and monitoring and reporting results. They conduct laboratory tests to aid in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and other medical disorders. Navigate to Military Career Page
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Education & Interests

Most Common Education Levels

People in this career achieve this level of education.

  • Bachelor's degree 59%
  • Associate's degree 30%
  • Master's degree 5%
  • Post baccalaureate 3%
  • Some college 1%
  • High school 0%
  • Doctoral degree 0%
  • Less than high school 0%
  • Post-doctoral training 0%
  • Post-master's certificate 0%
  • First professional degree 0%
  • Post-secondary certificate 0%


You may find this career fulfilling if you consider yourself to be:

  • Investigative — You have an interest in studying and researching objects, organisms, and other things.
  • Realistic — You have an interest in physically working with equipment, materials or structures.
  • Conventional — You have an interest in following procedures and regulations to organize information or data.

Not sure what characteristics best describe you? Take the RIASEC Test.

Skills at a Glance

Skills helpful in this career

  • Verbal skills
  • Critical thinking & problem solving
  • Equipment operation & maintenance
  • Math & science skills
  • Technology design & control
  • Leadership


  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • English Language
  • Mathematics

Gain insights into your knowledge by using the ASVAB Career Exploration Program

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