Computer security specialists plan, coordinate and maintain an organization's information security. These workers educate users about computer security, install security software, monitor networks for security breaches, respond to cyber attacks and, in some cases, gather data and evidence to be used in prosecuting cyber crime. The responsibilities of computer security specialists have increased in recent years as cyber attacks have become more sophisticated.
Telecommunications specialists focus on the interaction between computer and communications equipment. These workers design voice, video, and data-communication systems; supervise the installation of the systems and provide maintenance and other services to clients after the systems are installed. They also test lines, oversee equipment repair and may compile and maintain system records.
Web developers are responsible for the technical aspects of website creation. Using software languages and tools, they create applications for the web. They identify a site's users and oversee its production and implementation. They determine the information that the site will contain and how it will be organized, and may use web development software to integrate databases and other information systems. Some of these workers may be responsible for the visual appearance of websites. Using design software, they create pages that appeal to the tastes of the site's users.
Webmasters or web administrators are responsible for maintaining websites. They oversee issues such as availability to users and speed of access and are responsible for approving the content of the site. Webmasters also collect and analyze data on web activity, traffic patterns and other metrics, as well as monitor and respond to user feedback.